Kashmir leader Sheikh Abdullah endorsed the accession as ad-hoc which would be ultimately decided by the people of the State. British era - Inthe First Anglo-Sikh War broke out, and Gulab Singh "contrived to hold himself aloof till the battle of Sobraonwhen he appeared as a useful mediator and the trusted advisor of Sir Henry Lawrence.
Current status Edit Today Kashmir is split, as follows: At different times the dominant religion has been Animist, Buddhist, Hindu and after the period of the history Muslim.
Both the texts were written in Persian and used Rajatarangini and Persian histories as their sources. Along the Mughal Road in the Pir Panjal Range, northwestern Jammu and Kashmir state, India, lie ruins of Aliabad rest area saraione of the many historical sites in the state. In India and Pakistan fought their first war over Jammu and Kashmir.
There are many well-documented reasons why planning and development continues to sideline the risks associated with natural disasters.
But the state is vulnerable during intense precipitation, the incidence of which is likely to increase if global climate change patterns replicate themselves in the Himalayan region and intensify extreme weather conditions. According to the Mahabharata the Kambojas ruled Kashmir during the epic period with a Republican system of government  from the capital city of Karna-Rajapuram-gatva-Kambojah-nirjitastava.
These give way to a broad band of western Himalayan broadleaf forests running from northwest-southeast across the Kashmir Valley.
The Muslims prefixed the word peer to it in memory of Siddha Faqir and the name thereafter is said to have changed into Peer Panjal. The encroachment of riverbeds and flood plains and the destruction of the once-abundant lakes, wetlands, marshes, flood channels and other water bodies and areas exacerbated the disaster.
Climate change is responsible for the increasing trend in the number and intensity of extreme weather events reiterated again this year by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in their latest report.
With the help of his officer, Zorawar SinghGulab Singh soon captured for the Sikhs the lands of Ladakh and Baltistan to the east and north-east, respectively, of Jammu. Precipitation increases with elevation, and the lower scrubland gives way to pine forests higher up.
The Siachen Glacier is currently a disputed territory, India controls the glacier, Pakistan the valley below. Although the earlier books are far from accurate in their chronology, they still provide an invaluable source of information about early Kashmir and its neighbors, and are widely referenced by later historians and ethnographers.
The range, which is still heavily glaciated, rises starkly from dry desolate plateaus that are characterized by extremes of temperature and shattered rock debris.
The state directly sends six elected representatives to the Lok Sabha lower chamber and six members, elected by the combined Legislative Assembly and Council, to the Rajya Sabha upper chamber of the Indian national parliament.
This requires understanding and acting upon disaster risk in plans and decisions. Abdullah later returned to government as chief minister, in office from to his death in According to another folk etymology, following Hindu mythology, the sage Kashyapa drained a lake to produce the land now known as Kashmir.
Policy-makers in Pakistan must understand this well. Cultivation in Ladakh is restricted to such main valleys as those of the IndusShyokand Suru rivers, where it consists of small irrigated plots of barley, buckwheat, turnips, and mustard.
From southwest to northeast those zones consist of the plains, the foothills, the Pir Panjal Rangethe Vale of Kashmirthe Great Himalayas zone, the upper Indus River valley, and the Karakoram Range.
Also, the assembly elections saw the highest voter turnout in the state in the last 25 years, prompting Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi to claim that it reflects the faith of the Kashmiri people in the democratic system of India and that they have given a "strong message to the world".
With the help of his officer, Zorawar Singh, Gulab Singh soon captured Ladakh and Baltistan, regions to the east and north-east of Jammu. Handicraft manufacture is also important in Ladakh, particularly the production of cashmere shawls, carpets, and blankets.
On October 20,tribesmen backed by Pakistan invaded Kashmir.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec 1. The total area of erstwhile Jammu and Kashmir state (prior to ) comprised 2,22, square kilometers of which as of now Pakistan occupies about 35 percent, besides illegally ceding percent area to China. Jammu and Kashmir: Jammu and Kashmir, Indian state located in the northern part of India in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges.
It is part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since the partition of the subcontinent in Floods in the state are linked to the Jhelum River and its history of crossing the danger mark and thereby inundating the ‘Valley’.
Floods in Jammu and Kashmir aren’t exactly an uncommon phenomenon, if history and indeed its geography is to be believed. Jammu & Kashmir - History. Many historians and locals believe that Jammu was founded by Raja Jamboolochan in 14th century BCE.
During one of his hunting campaigns he reached the Tawi River where he saw a goat and a lion drinking water at the same place. Here is your Essay on Jammu- Kashmir specially written for School and College Students in Hindi Language: Home ›› Related Essays: Sample essay on the “Problems of Kashmir” in Hindi Essay on the Gujjars and Bakarwals People of Jammu & Kashmir Geographical Features of Jammu and Kashmir State (North Western Himalayas) Essay on the “Problems [ ].
Published: Mon, 5 Dec The Kashmir conflict is a political problem that has existed since consisting of a territorial dispute between Pakistan and India regarding the “princely” state of Jammu and Kashmir.Jammu and kashmir state history essay