In contrast, Western man traditionally believed that the intrinsic quality of a thing in itself gives clues to its rightness or wrongness. The problem for the Christians is that there is no church nearby to worship.
At the same time, Islam challenged Christian religious claims and authority. Arbitrary ruling by fiat must of necessity introduce irrationality into law. Among the sectarian offshoots of Ismailism were the Druze of Lebanon.
Neither Muslims nor Jews and Christians could be enslaved in early Islam. Thus, for example, the wars of conquest were termed fath, "opening or victory" of the way for Islam. Umayyad practice and law should be brought into line with Islamic principles, and the institutions of the state should have as their source Islam and not the precedents of Byzantium.
This betrayal further alienated the Shii from the Sunni majority. The genesis of Islamic civilization was indeed a collaborative effort, incorporating the learning and wisdom of many other cultures and languages.
The tidy-minded cookie cutter legalism of Medinian Islam is highly addictive. The Muslim must somehow obey or despair and go to hell. The claustrophobia of these crowded communities that are teeming with spies, lies, and suspicion is almost unimaginable to the Westerner who is preoccupied with personal freedom and privacy.
Medinian Islam and totalitariansm The warlord Islam of Medina trains the minds of the people for life under a totalitarian regime and servile devotion to an all-powerful leader.
They struck such terror in the hearts of their Muslim and Crusader enemies that their exploits in Persia and Syria earned them a name and memory in history long after they were overrun and driven underground by the Mongols in Muhammad did not have this view of Allah until he became a war lord and used force to compel people to accept his rule.
Allah expects man to be good. Reason and conscience are of no help in understanding arbitrary law that demands perfunctory obedience.
Creation of an Arab Kingdom The advent of Umayyad rule set in motion a process of continued expansion and centralization of authority that would transform the Islamic community from an Arab shaykhdom into an Islamic empire whose rulers were dependent on religion for legitimacy and the military for power and stability.
Those determined to systematically follow sharia - -that is, Islamic law - -face a mountain of decrees and precepts from the four or five sources. Aug 22, · View and download prophet muhammad essays examples. Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your prophet muhammad essay.
Muhammad (circa – A.D.) was born in Mecca and was a traveling merchant until age From – he had a ministry in Mecca as a prophet of Allah. Inhe fled from his enemies in Mecca and led his followers to Medina.
Chapter 2: The Muslim Community in History. Index Within one hundred years, both empires would fall before the armies of Allah as Arabia united under the umbrella of Islam, which provided a principle of organization and motivation.
Under the successors of the Prophet, a vast empire and a commonwealth of Islamic states would come to dominate. Essay on Anemia: Symptoms, Types, Causes, and Treatments Also, bleeding causes loss of blood cells and destruction of red blood cells. Red blood cells are produced regularly from Iron, vitamin B, folate, and some other nutrients from food.
Explain and comment on the ways in which Muhammad set about creating a united ummah between and Key to explaining the creation of the united ummah is the admission by Islam of the wars that were necessary in achieving their aim.
Hijrah: Hijrah, the Prophet Muhammad’s migration along with the early Muslim community from Mecca to Medina in CE in order to escape persecution. The date represents the starting point of the Muslim era, having been introduced as the basis for an Islamic calendar by Umar, the second caliph, in CE.Creating a united ummah between 622 and 632 essay